Ushuaia: Cómo llegar y cuáles son sus atractivos turísticos – Viajar – Vida

Ushuaia, located in Argentina, It is the city that marks the end of the American continent in its extreme south, and it is also the capital of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic.

This city was founded on October 12, 1884 as a milestone to mark the Argentine territory and sovereignty, so its origin is purely strategic. It is also the only Argentine city located on the western side of the Andes.

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It is considered the city of the ‘end of the world’ because there the earth ends, there is no further south, about 1000 kilometers away is Antarctica. It has one of the lowest temperatures, with an average annual temperature of 5.7° C.

Due to its location, it is a point of intense maritime activity. It is full of attractions, highlighting the city’s Maritime Museum, which was previously the Ushuaia prison and recidivist prison. This place emerged at the beginning of the s. XX as a way to populate a place where no one wanted to live. The prison had the southernmost railway line in the world, which today is the ‘train of the End of the World’, a tourist attraction in the Tierra del Fuego National Park.

It is considered the city of the ‘end of the world’ because there the earth ends, there is no further south, about 1000 kilometers away is Antarctica

The Tierra de Fuego National Park is an example of the natural charm of Ushuaia. Located about 12 km from the city, it has various trails that run from one side to the other. It is worth reaching Lapataia Bay, surrounded by Magellanic forests, to enjoy its paths and its elusive fauna.

Other natural attractions are: the Esmeralda lagoon, which stands out for its intense colorwhere the snowy peaks are reflected as if it were a mirror, and the Martial Glacier, a small ice cube if we compare it with the also Argentinian Perito Moreno Glacier, but also highly recommended for the views that are obtained from above the city and the entire Beagle Channel.

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One of the most popular activities is sailing the Beagle Channel. Tours last between three and five hours. Before setting sail, you must register at the port. As the ship moves away from the coast, you will have a magnificent view of the city. The three-hour excursion begins on the island of Los Lobos. From the boat, you will enjoy these marine mammals.

The second stop is the island of Los Pajaros, habitat of the Magellanic cormorant birds. On Bridges Island you will walk for 15 minutes to see where the Yámanas (original people of the channel) lived and reach the top. A strategic point to take photos. Before returning you will arrive at the iconic Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse, 11m high, which has guided sailors since 1920.

Another unmissable visit is the Presidio Museum, on Yaganes and Gobernador Paz streets. You will walk through the narrow corridors and enter the cells of this prison that functioned from 1902 to 1947. The ticket includes admission to the Maritime Museum, whose permanent exhibition tells the story of Tierra del Fuego.

winter fun

There are two great ways to take advantage of Ushuaia in winter. The first is spend a full day at the facilities of Cerro Castor, a ski center 26 km from the metropolis. In addition, you can go snowboarding or ice skating. Take a break from sports at one of the resort’s eight restaurants.

Another suggestion, 23 km from the city, is the Llanos del Castor center, with five hectares. Day and night, you can go sledding with Siberian, Alaskan and Greyster dogs; on a motorcycle, or walk with snowshoes. It is definitely worth enjoying this destination in winter, as it offers one of the most beautiful landscapes on the planet.

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How to get?

Getting to Ushuaia by land means traveling through the immense Argentine Patagonia, where the asphalt gives way to dirt roads and the plains seem endless, to then cross the Strait of Magellan and join continental America with the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego. Although, yes, if you want to do it quickly, nothing like opting for fly directly to this attractive place with flights from the city of Buenos Aires. Flight time is around 3 and a half hours. The frequency varies according to the seasons, although there is always a minimum of one daily flight.

the mythical train

The Austral Fueguino Railway connects Ushuaia with Tierra del Fuego National Park. Formerly it was used to transport food and transport prisoners, who cut firewood in the forest. The original route was 25 km. Today, however, only the last 7 km are traveled and for tourist purposes. The journey is one hour. The train departs from the central station, 8 km from the city center, and crosses the Pipo River via the Quemado bridge. You will see the Toro canyon and go down to the Macarena waterfall.

Tierra del Fuego Park

There are several ways to get to know this Patagonian refuge of lakes and snow-capped mountains. That is why we recommend dedicating at least half a day to visit it. It has 10 trails of different degrees of difficulty and duration. The classic four-hour tour begins at Zaratiegui Cove, where the End of the World Post Office is located. There is an observation point towards the Beagle Channel and the Redonda Island. It will then skirt Lapataia Bay to the Argentine side of Lake Acigami. You can also get closer to the Green and Black lagoon. In Lapataia, look for the traditional sign at the end of National Route No. 3 or Pan-American Highway. This is the last section in the southern part of the continent that vehicles can access.